|geographic range:||South America|
|lifespan:||21 years in captivity|
It lives exclusively in Brazil (endemic), and even there, only in the Southern territories. It lives between 3 and 10 meters high in the tropical forests.
They are small-sized, only about 20-33.6 cm long, with a tail of 31.5-40 cm. Its hair is mostly black and thick, with a golden mane, which it is named after. They mate for life, they are monogamous. It is very active during the day, mostly jumping around on trees. They build their lair on epiphytic and dens.
They live in family groups, consisting of the mating pair and their infants. Due to the decrease of their habitat they started to move in to the neighboring cocoa farms, which also decreased the cocoa harvest. The remaining wild population consists of only 200 specimen, caused by decreasing habitats and illegal trade.